Wastewater treatment ponds and lagoons are most known as a budget-friendly and low maintenance treatment used by municipalities and industrial companies. There are a variety of pond types, including facultative, aerobic, and stabilization ponds.
Most treatment ponds can average anywhere from three to five feet deep and must be made of impervious material to avoid contamination of groundwater and surface water. Some of the benefits of wastewater treatment ponds and lagoons include:
· Availability of clean water for reuse
· Reduction of diseases
· Waste reduction
· Energy production
The first part of the treatment focuses on removing solids like plastic and metals from the sewage. Screens are used to collect the objects. The second stage is dedicated to removing the dissolved organic matter that escaped during the first phase of treatment. To capture that material, microbes are used to consume the leftover particles. The third phase is focused on removing the remaining impurities.
During the wastewater treatment process, there’s bacteria that absorbs the organic material. This bacteria tends to be facultative, meaning that they are able to survive anaerobic or aerobic conditions. Anaerobic bugs have the ability to live and reproduce without free oxygen, whereas aerobic bugs need free oxygen to live and reproduce.
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